Discussion Forum Summary: Intellectual Standards

PIDP 3250 Instructional Strategies
Vancouver Community College
Kathryn Truant
March 3, 2018

Forum Summary Chart

Discussion Topic # of Postings # of Participants Resources Contributed
Introduction 1 1 4
Question 1 – Do Intellectual standards foster creativity? 42 15 10
Question 2 – Are there alternative measures that foster creativity? 12 7 2
Resources 12 4 12
Totals 67 15 16

Educational phycologist Dr. Linda Elder and educator Dr. Richard Paul (deceased) are the authority on the assessment of critical thinking (2008).

“Universal intellectual standards are standards which must be applied to thinking whenever one is interested in checking the quality of reasoning about a problem, issue, or situation” (Elder & Paul, 2010).
Intellectual standards are a method of determining if our thoughts and beliefs are valid, and not influenced by emotion or prior conditioning.
There are nine essential intellectual standards that are used to assess critical thinking:
1. Clarity: Is the information easily explained?
2. Accuracy: Is the information correct and free from error (reliable)?
3. Precision: Are the words and data used to explain the information exact?
4. Relevance: Is the information focused on the topic?
5. Depth: Is the information provided thorough, and has it explored all the complexities of the topic?
6. Breadth: Are all perspectives included?
7. Logical: Is the information reasonable (does it make sense)?
8. Significance: Are all the most important ideas included?
9. Fairness: Is the information objective and free from bias?

Questions Posed:

Question 1 Intellectual standards assess critical thinking, but do intellectual standards foster creativity?
Key Ideas:
– Opportunity, encouragement, and rewards generate creativity.
– Artistic talent should not be confused with creativity (coming up with new ideas).
– Creativity corresponds with persistence and determination to redefine problems in novel ways.
– Critical thinking needs to be measured, but thinkers must also have room to think ‘outside the box.’
– Creativity is directly linked to and generated by critical thinking standards. Examples: new ideas are generated from old ideas, not all new ideas are useful, creativity is enhanced by the ability to detect the connection between a good idea and a great idea.
– ALWAYS question the process used to measure critical thinking! Accuracy and logic can be proven in some disciplines but there is no such thing as ‘universal reality.’ Power is the defining feature of acceptable knowledge. Education must lead to change: “Applying intellectual standards makes it too easy for educators to look for one right answer – often an answer that supports dominant discourses” (Crane, 2018).
– Intellectual standards may repress creativity.
– Structure can foster creativity.
– Intellectual standards only measure whether facts are correctly represented; they do not foster creativity.
Conclusion Question 1:
As described in the above key ideas from question 1, there are contradictory viewpoints that can all be supported by research. A concise chart on the Higher Order Skills of Critical and Creative Thinking was introduced that ties both sides of the argument. Using intellectual standards to foster creativity is possible but a facilitator must promote room for creativity. Some participants submitted their responses to question 1 and question 2 under this thread.

Question 2 Can you think of alternative measures for intellectual standards that foster creativity?
Key Ideas:
– Poetry can be used to measure intellectual and creative thinking in learners.
– Past experiences are a trustworthy and excellent assessment tool that align intellectual standards and foster creativity.
– Be wary when using intellectual standards to foster creativity: is our thinking affected by an intended or solicited outcome?
– Add a new intellectual standard to the list: Does our thinking foster a “new view point or understanding?” (Molding, 2018).
– The intellectual standards that assess Breadth in critical thinking can promote creativity (an alternative measure is not required).
Conclusion Question 2:
Flexibility and creativity need to be addressed as an alternative measure in all aspects of the intellectual standards.

@ Please refer to my Resources page for works cited